The Somontano region possesses numerous areas that are protected by the Habitats Directive, a European conservation policy. These are known in Spain as LIC’s or internationally as SCI’s (Sites of Community Importance.) In addition, the Birds Directive protects a number of species in areas known locally as ZEPA or, Bird Protection Areas. Natura 2000’s aim is to ensure long-term survival of species and habitats in Europe, stopping the loss of biodiversity. It is the EU’s main instrument to preserve nature.

These form part of the European Natura 2000 Network, which in Somontano represents more than one quarter of its surface area. (29.81%)